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Chapter 5 Bible study


Blessing of Justification


5:1 Therefore, since we have been declared righteous by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,


Being justified by faith through the Lord Jesus Christ brings us into a relationship with God  that changes our whole lives.  It brings with it many blessings that are revealed to us throughout this chapter.  


We have Peace with God.  The word that is used here, eirene, comes from the primary verb eiro, to join.   The full meaning of the word is “to be at one”.   This peace was not brought about by any negotiations or effort on our part; it was God who took the initiative and took steps towards us.   It was through His Son this peace was accomplished (Eph. 2: 13 - 15, 17).   It is a peace that comes because of the harmonious relationship we now have with God.


5:2 through whom we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in the hope of God's glory.


We have access into the very presence of God by faith (Eph. 2: 18) which opens up for us the storehouse of God's abundant grace in which we firmly stand.   We have a joy that enables us to rejoice in the hope that we now have.   The object of this hope is the "glory of God" i.e. the blessings that He bestows on us now and in the future.


5:3 Not only this, but we also rejoice in sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance,


We are able to  triumph and rejoice in our troubles (Hab. 3:17, Acts 16: 23 - 25, 2 Cor. 6: 10, 1 Pet 4: 12 - 13) knowing that these pressures and afflictions will strengthen us in the inner man .   As we triumph in them this will make us all the more determined to stand firm and continue on with God (2 Cor. 4: 17)


5:4 and endurance, character, and character, hope.


This in its turn will develop a maturity of character that has been tested and proved by God and a confident expectation from Him.   (It has been said that our character is the only thing of ourselves that we will take with us into heaven.)  


5:5 And hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.


This will give us that confident hope of eternal salvation that will never disappoint us because of the certainty we have of God's love that is poured out on us by the Holy Ghost.


Christ Died for Us


5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.


This  love was clearly demonstrated for us in that when we were dead in trespasses and sins, helpless, hopeless and unable to fulfil the Law of God because of our weakness, Christ died for us, at the time appointed by God (Gal. 4:4).


5:7 (For rarely will anyone die for a righteous person, though for a good person perhaps someone might possibly dare to die.)


In order to prove how much love God has for us Paul uses this example.   He says, it is an extraordinary thing for someone to give their life for a 'righteous man' though perhaps for a good, kind, loving person someone might dare to give his life.


5:8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.


God clearly showed His love for us when we were still sinners, neither righteous nor good, in that Jesus Christ died for us.  


5:9 Much more then, because we have now been declared righteous by his blood, we will be saved through him from God's wrath.


Because we are justified by faith through the blood of Christ we are saved from the wrath of God that is to come upon all sinners (Rom. 2: 5, 1 Thes. 5: 9).


5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, how much more, since we have been reconciled, will we be saved by his life?


For if we were  reconciled, that is, brought into a loving fellowship and right relationship with God through the cross of Christ, while we were His enemies, how much more shall we be saved (daily delivered from sin's dominion Amp.N.T) by His resurrection life.


5:11 Not only this, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received this reconciliation.


We who were once enemies of God are now able to rejoice in Him for we have received the reconciliation that our Lord Jesus Christ made for us.  (Note.   AKJV   ATONEMENT = AT - ONE - MENT = AT ONE = RECONCILED).


Death through Adam, Life in Christ V 12 - 21


5:12 So then, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all people because all sinned —


It was through Adam that sin entered the world, he opened the door, and like an inherent disease it was passed on to all that followed bringing death. (Rom. 3:10,23).


5:13-14 for before the law was given, sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin when there is no law. Yet death reigned from Adam until Moses even over those who did not sin in the same way that Adam (who is a type of the coming one) transgressed.


Although sin was in the world before the Law it was not brought to account, that is, to man's personal account, until the Law was given.   However , it did carry the death penalty to all men (Gen. 2: 16 - 17).   Even upon those who had not sinned the same way as Adam.   “Who is a type of Him (Christ), in as much as Jesus Christ  was made in the likeness of Adam after the flesh.


5:15 But the gracious gift is not like the transgression. For if the many died through the transgression of the one man, how much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one man Jesus Christ multiply to the many!


The Adams’s offence brought destruction, the curse and death to all.   But the free gift given by grace, that is salvation by Jesus Christ, brought peace, joy, hope and forgiveness to many.


5:16 And the gift is not like the one who sinned. For judgment, resulting from the one transgression, led to condemnation, but the gracious gift from the many failures led to justification.


Through Adam judgement and condemnation, by Christ justification.


5:17-18 For if, by the transgression of the one man, death reigned through the one, how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ! Consequently, just as condemnation for all people came through one transgression, so too through the one righteous act came righteousness leading to life for all people.


Through Adam came death, but to those who accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour an overflow of grace and the gift of righteousness and they will live in Him and He in them (Gal. 2: 20).


5:19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man many will be made righteous.


By Adam's disobedience many were made sinners, by the obedience of Christ many are made righteous.


5:20 Now the law came in so that the transgression may increase, but where sin increased, grace multiplied all the more,


When the Law was given this made sin all the more obvious and the trespass increased.   “But the more we see our sinfulness, the more we see God's abounding grace forgiving us” (Living Bible).


5:21 so that just as sin reigned in death, so also grace will reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


So as sin has reigned bringing death, grace now reigns through a right standing with God to give us eternal life through our Lord Jesus Christ.


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