Lukan Studies The Gospel of Luke Chapter 7 - New Testament Bible study

Living Word Magazine

Such Great Faith

 

7:1 After Jesus had finished teaching all this to the people, he entered Capernaum.

 

When Jesus had finished speaking to the people he entered into Capernaum.

 

7:2 A centurion there had a slave who was highly regarded, but who was sick and at the point of death.

 

A Roman centurion who had a bond servant who was very dear to him was very sick and near to death.

 

7:3 When the centurion heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish elders to him, asking him to come and heal his slave.

 

When he heard that Jesus was in Capernuam he asked some of the Jewish elders of the synagogue if they would go to Him on his behalf and plead with Jesus to come and heal his servant. Here we see the man's humility although in a position of authority he considered himself not worthy, being a Gentile, to approach the Lord Jesus Christ himself.

 

7:4-5 When they came to Jesus, they urged him earnestly, "He is worthy to have you do this for him, because he loves our nation, and even built our synagogue.

 

When they reached Jesus faithful to their mission they earnestly begged Him to come and heal the servant for the centurion was a loving of Israel and had built them the synagogue and was deserving of this.

 

7:6-7 So Jesus went with them. When he was not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to say to him, "Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. That is why I did not presume to come to you. Instead, say the word, and my servant must be healed.

 

Jesus responded to the pleas and went to the house of the centurion. When He was a little distance from the house the man sent his friends to say to Jesus that he was not worthy for Him to come into his house. This was why he would not come to Jesus himself to ask him to heal his servant.

 

7:8 For I too am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me. I say to this one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another, 'Come,' and he comes, and to my slave, 'Do this,' and he does it."

 

The centurion was a man under the authority of the Roman emperor and in turn he had soldiers under his command.   If he gave orders to his soldiers they obeyed him or if he said to his servant to do this or that he did it.

 

7:9 When Jesus heard this, he was amazed at him. He turned and said to the crowd that followed him, "I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such faith!"

 

On hearing this Jesus marvelled at his humility and modesty and turning to the people said that He had not found such great a faith as this man's not even in Israel.

 

7:10 So when those who had been sent returned to the house, they found the slave well.

 

When those who had been sent returned to the house they found the servant completely healed.

 

7:11 Soon afterward Jesus went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a large crowd went with him.

 

Just after this event Jesus and His disciples went to the village of Nain and a great crowd followed them.

 

7:12 As he approached the town gate, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother (who was a widow ), and a large crowd from the town was with her.

 

As they appoached the village gate a funeral procession was coming out. A young man who had died, the only son of a widow and large crowd from the village was with her.

 

7:13-15 When the Lord saw her, he had compassion for her and said to her, "Do not weep." Then he came up and touched the bier, and those who carried it stood still. He said, "Young man, I say to you, get up!" So the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him back to his mother.

 

When the Lord saw her His heart was full of compassion and He told her not to cry. He then walked over to the coffin and touched it and the bearers stopped. He commanded the dead young man to get up. The dead man immediately sat up and began to talk.   Jesus gave him back to his mother.

 

7:16 Fear seized them all, and they began to glorify God, saying, "A great prophet has appeared among us!" and "God has come to help his people!"

 

A great fear sweeped over the crowd and they began to praise and glorify God proclaiming Jesus as a mighty prophet among them and that this day God had visted His people.

 

7:17 This report about Jesus circulated throughout Judea and all the surrounding country.

 

The news of what Jesus had done went right throughout Judea and all the surrounding area.          

 

John Seeks Confirmation

 

7:18 John's disciples informed him about all these things. So John called two of his disciples.

 

John the Baptist had been imprisoned by Herod and while there his disciples came and told him all the things that they had seen and heard that Jesus was doing.

 

7:19 And sent them to Jesus to ask, "Are you the one who is to come, or should we look for another?

 

On hearing this report John called two of his disciples and asked them to go to Jesus to enquire if He was indeed the one that he had prophesied would come, the Messiah or were they to look for someone else.

 

7:20 When the men came to Jesus, they said, "John the Baptist has sent us to you to ask, 'Are you the one who is to come, or should we look for another?'

 

When they came to Jesus they put before the question John had asked them to "Are you the Expected one or must we look for another ?"

 

7:21 At that very time Jesus cured many people of diseases, sicknesses, and evil spirits, and granted sight to many who were blind.

 

At the time that they arrived Jesus had cured many of their sickness and diseases, had healed the blind, the lame, and deaf, healed lepers and raised the dead and preached the gospel to the poor.

 

7:22-23 So he answered them, "Go tell John what you have seen and heard: The blind see, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have good news proclaimed to them. Blessed is anyone who takes no offense at me."

 

Turning to John's disciples he told them to go back to John and tell him all these things that they had heard and seen. To John's disciples He says "blessed are those who takes no offence in Me" (Amp.N.T.). Note that these words were spoken to John's disciples and not given as a message to take to John.

 

Jesus' Commendation of John

 

7:24-25 When John's messengers had gone, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: "What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? What did you go out to see? A man dressed in fancy clothes? Look, those who wear fancy clothes and live in luxury are in kings' courts!

 

When John's messengers had left Jesus began to question the crowds around Him. What did they go out into the desert to see; an unstable man, inconsistent and wavering like a reed blown by the wind? A man dressed in a fine suit of clothes ? Those who are lavishly dressed and live in luxury will be found in royal palaces.   John lived ate and drank and dressed entirely the opposite (Matt. 3:4).

 

7:26 What did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet.

 

No, they did not go into the desert to see kings and princes but to hear and see a prophet.  Jesus says that John was much more than a prophet.

 

7:27 This is the one about whom it is written, 'Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you.'

 

John the Baptist was the one that the prophets said would come as the messenger to prepare the way for the Christ, the Messiah (Malachi 3:1).

 

7:28 I tell you, among those born of women no one is greater than John. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he is.

 

Jesus' commendation of John is that of all the people ever born no one is greater prophet than John the Baptist. Having said that He goes on to say that those that are considered to be least in the Kingdom of God is greater than John (Luke 9:48).

 

7:29 Now all the people who heard this, even the tax collectors, acknowledged God's justice, because they had been baptized with John's baptism.

 

When all the people heard this including the tax collectors they acknowledge that God was justified in all that He does, that God's was right.

 

7:30 However, the Pharisees and the experts in religious law rejected God's purpose for themselves, because they had not been baptized by John.

 

The Pharisees and the experts in religious law rejected God's plan for them and had refused to be baptised by John.

 

7:31 To what then should I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like?

 

Jesus asked them to what could he compare the people of this generation or how could He describe them.

 

7:32 They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling out to one another, 'We played the flute for you, yet you did not dance; we wailed in mourning, yet you did not weep.'

 

He said that they are like little children playing at games in the marketplace. They complain about their friends not wanting to play at any kind of game. They played a dance on the flute and they didn't want to dance. They played a funeral song and they didn't weep.

 

7:33-34 For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, 'He has a demon!' The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, 'Look at him, a glutton and a drunk, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!'

 

He likened the people to this in their response to John the Baptist and Himself. John neither ate bread or drank wine and they said he had a demon. Jesus came eating and drinking and they called Him a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners.

 

7:35 But wisdom is vindicated by all her children.

 

But Wisdom is shown to be right and divine in the lives of those who follow it.

 

An Act of Worship - the Forgiveness of Sins

 

7:36 Now one of the Pharisees asked Jesus to have dinner with him, so he went into the Pharisee's house and took his place at the table.

 

One of the Pharisees present in the crowd asked Jesus to have dinner with him so He went to the his house and sat down to eat with him.

 

7:37 Then when a woman of that town, who was a sinner, learned that Jesus was dining at the Pharisee's house, she brought an alabaster jar of perfumed oil.

 

During the meal a prostitute in the city who knew that Jesus was dining there came in with an alabaster jar of fragrant oil.

 

7:38 As she stood behind him at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears. She wiped them with her hair, kissed them, and anointed them with the perfumed oil.

 

Jesus was reclining at the table on a low couch with His feet out behind Him. The woman came behind Him weeping and with the tears that fell on His feet began to wiped them with her hair and kiss His feet then anointed them with oil. In her actions this woman showed that she was of a broken and contrite spirit, had a repentant heart and recognised in her sin who Jesus was and worshipped Him.

 

7:39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, "If this man were a prophet, he would know who and what kind of woman this is who is touching him, that she is a sinner."

 

When the Pharisee who invited Him saw this he said sarcastically to himself that if Jesus was indeed a prophet who would know what kind of woman was touching Him.

 

7:40 So Jesus answered him, "Simon, I have something to say to you." He replied, "Say it, Teacher."

 

Jesus knowing the thoughts of Simon turned to him and said "I have something to say to you".   Simon reply "teacher, you are free to speak".

 

7:41 A certain creditor had two debtors; one owed him five hundred silver coins, and the other fifty.

 

A money lender had two people who owed him money, the one five hundred denarri and the other fifty.

 

7:42 When they could not pay, he canceled the debts of both. Now which of them will love him more?"

 

Neither of them had the means to repay what they owed so he kindly cancelled the debt of them both. Jesus asked Simon which of the two did he think loved him the most.

 

7:43 Simon answered, "I suppose the one who had the bigger debt canceled." Jesus said to him, "You have judged rightly."

 

Simon replied that he supposed that it would be the one who had the biggest debt.  Jesus said yes you have said right.

 

7:44-45 Then, turning toward the woman, he said to Simon, "Do you see this woman? I entered your house. You gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You gave me no kiss of greeting, but from the time I entered she has not stopped kissing my feet.

 

Turning His eyes upon the woman He told Simon to take notice of this woman and what she had done. When Jesus entered Simon's house no water was given Him to wash His feet and no kiss of greeting which was the custom. But this woman who Simon condemned washed His feet with her tears and dried them with her hair and she hadn't stopped kissing His feet since He came in.

 

7:46 You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with perfumed oil.

 

Neither did Simon anoint His head but this woman anointed His feet with fragrant oil.

 

7:47 Therefore I tell you, her sins, which were many, are forgiven, thus she loved much; but the one who is forgiven little loves little.

 

Therefore. the many sins of this woman are forgiven because she has shown much love of Him. But those who have little to be forgiven shows little love.

 

7:48 Then Jesus said to her, "Your sins are forgiven."

 

Jesus then said to the woman "Your sins are forgiven".

 

7:49 But those who were at the table with him began to say among themselves, "Who is this, who even forgives sins?"

 

Those who were sat at the table with Him began to say within themselves "who is this man who even forgives sin".

 

7:50 He said to the woman, "Your faith has saved you; go in peace."

 

But Jesus said to the woman it is your faith in me that has saved you, go in peace (Eph. 2:8).

 

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Chapter 7

 

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