Christ is Risen Indeed
24:1 Now on the first day of the week, at early dawn, the women went to the tomb, taking the aromatic spices they had prepared.
The day after the Sabbath, Sunday, Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James and Salome (see Mark 16:1) came with the spices very early in the morning to the tomb where Jesus' body was buried.
24:2 They found that the stone had been rolled away from the tomb,
When they arrived they found that the stone that had sealed the entrance to the tomb had been rolled back. It is often wondered how these three women thought that they could have moved the stone themselves to gain entrance.
24:3 but when they went in, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
So they went in but did not find the body of Jesus there.
24:4 While they were perplexed about this, suddenly two men stood beside them in dazzling attire.
As they tried to work out amongst themselves what could of become of Jesus' body two men appeared at their side clothed in brilliant garments. Although Luke does not record that they were angels we know from John's Gospel that they were (John 20:12).
24:5 The women were terribly frightened and bowed their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, "Why do you look for the living among the dead?
As they with fear bowed their faces to the ground these men asked them a astonishing question. Why were they looking among the dead for someone who was alive ?
24:6 - 7 He is not here, but has been raised! Remember how he told you, while he was still in Galilee, that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and on the third day rise again."
They did not wait for an answer but immediately went on to say that Jesus Christ is risen! They reminded these women who had been with Jesus in Galilee how He had told that this would happen (Matthew 17: 22 - 23).
24:8 Then the women remembered his words,
Their memories being stirred by these two men they remembered the words that Jesus had spoken to them.
24:9 - 10 and when they returned from the tomb they told all these things to the eleven and to all the rest. Now it was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them who told these things to the apostles.
As soon as the angels had finished speaking these women ran from the tomb to find the eleven apostles to tell them all that they had seen and heard.
24:11 But these words seemed like pure nonsense to them, and they did not believe them.
None of the apostles believed a word that these women told them. After the trauma of the crucifixion they were full of fear and unbelief.
(Luk 24:12) But Peter got up and ran to the tomb. He bent down and saw only the strips of linen cloth; then he went home, wondering what had happened.
V12. But Peter arose and ran to the tomb; and stooping down, he saw the linen cloths lying by themselves; and he departed, marveling to himself at what had happened.
In spite of his unbelief Peter ran to the tomb, with John, and bending down looked into the tomb and saw the empty grave clothes that Joseph of Aramathia had dressed Jesus in lying on the side. He went away wondering what had happened to the body of Jesus.
Jesus Draws Near
24:13 Now that very day two of them were on their way to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem.
On the same day as the Resurrection two of Jesus' disciples home to Emmaus which was seven miles from Jerusalem.
24:14 - 15 They were talking to each other about all the things that had happen. While they were talking and debating these things, Jesus himself approached and began to accompany them
As they journeyed they went over all that had happened in the last few days trying to reason why these things should have happened when suddenly Jesus drew near and walked with them. But they did not know Him because He had concealed this from them. In Mark 16: 12 it says that He appeared to them in another form.
24:16 - 17 (but their eyes were kept from recognizing him).Then he said to them, "What are these matters you are discussing so intently as you walk along?" And they stood still, looking sad.
V17. And He said to them, "What kind of conversation is this that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?"
Jesus asked them what it was that they talking about that made them so sad.
24:18 Then one of them, named Cleopas, answered him, "Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who doesn't know the things that have happened there in these days?"
Cleopas one of the two turned to Him in amazement asking Him He was the only person who had been in Jerusalem for the Passover that was ignorant of all that had happened there in the last few days.
24:19 He said to them, "What things?" "The things concerning Jesus the Nazarene," they replied, "a man who, with his powerful deeds and words, proved to be a prophet before God and all the people;
Pretending to be ignorant of these things Jesus asks about them. So they began to unburdened their hearts to Him telling Him about Jesus of Nazareth who had proved Himself to be a mighty prophet of God by the powerful miracles He had done and by His powerful teaching before all the people.
24:20 and how our chief priests and rulers handed him over to be condemned to death, and crucified him.
They related to Him how the chief priest and rulers had handed Him over to be condemned to death by crucifixion.
24:21 But we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. Not only this, but it is now the third day since these things happened.
They voiced their disappointment because they had believed that He was the promised Messiah that would come and deliver Israel from their enemies and that this was the third day since these things happened.
24:22 Furthermore, some women of our group amazed us. They were at the tomb early this morning,
Then that very morning a group of women who belonged to the same group of followers who had gone to the tomb early in the morning had come back with an amazing story.
24:23 - 24 and when they did not find his body, they came back and said they had seen a vision of angels, who said he was alive.Then some of those who were with us went to the tomb, and found it just as the women had said, but they did not see him."
They did not find the body in the tomb but had seen two angels who told them that Jesus was alive. Some of the men who were with them and heard this ran to the tomb and found that it was exactly as the women had said but they saw no sign of the risen Christ.
4:25 So he said to them, "You foolish people — how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken!
Having patiently heard all that they had to say, Jesus called them fools not in a disparaging way, in scorn, but because of their lack of understanding of the Scriptures and His teaching concerning the Messiah, the Christ.
24:26 Wasn't it necessary for the Christ to suffer these things and enter into his glory?"
It was quite clearly revealed in the Scriptures by the prophets that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer death on the Christ and then to rise again.
24:27 Then beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them the things written about himself in all the scriptures.
Starting at Genesis He went through the books of Moses and all the Prophets explaining to them all that was said in the Scriptures concerning Himself (Genesis 3:15, Psalm 22:1, Psalm 16:10).
24:28 So they approached the village where they were going. He acted as though he wanted to go farther,
As they approach Emmaus it looked as if Jesus was intending to go further. He was in fact waiting for an invitation from them to go home with them.
24:29 but they urged him, "Stay with us, because it is getting toward evening and the day is almost done." So he went in to stay with them.
But they compelled Him (the Arabic version says "they held Him by forced) the word constrained would suggest that they caught hold Him and drew their way. As they do so they invited him to come and spend the evening with them because it was quite late.
At their invitation Jesus went with them. Jesus never forces Himself upon anyone He always waits for an invitation to enter peoples lives and to intervene in their needs and problems although He will always prod.
(Luk 24:30) When he had taken his place at the table with them, he took the bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them.
V30. Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them.
While He sat at the table with them Jesus took the bread and asked the blessing upon it and then broke it and gave it to them. This was usually the custom in Jewish homes for the head of the house to do, but here the guest, Jesus, performed it which in itself was significant to them.
4:31 At this point their eyes were opened and they recognized him. Then he vanished out of their sight.
As He did so their understanding was opened and they knew that it was their Lord and Saviour and immediately He became invisible to them.
24:32 They said to each other, "Didn't our hearts burn within us while he was speaking with us on the road, while he was explaining the scriptures to us?"
As they thought upon what had happened they remembered that when Jesus was talking to them on their journey that their hearts were set on fire while He explained the Scriptures to them.
24:33 - 34 So they got up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem. They found the eleven and those with them gathered together and saying, "The Lord has really risen, and has appeared to Simon!"
they told what had happened on the road, and how they recognized him when he broke the bread.
They did not hesitate any longer but set out to go back to Jerusalem and found the eleven apostles and others with them gathered together. They told them of how Jesus had talk with them on the road and how He had broken bread with them. Those present responded by telling them that the "Lord is risen indeed" and that He had appeared to Simon. It is not recorded how or where that Jesus appeared to Peter on his own. Paul confirms in that this was so "and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve" 1 Corinthians 15:5.
Jesus Appears to All of His Disciples
24:36 While they were saying these things, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, "Peace be with you."
Just as they were saying these things Jesus Himself was suddenly standing amongst the and gave them the Jewish salutation "Shalom", "Peace to you" .
24:37 But they were startled and terrified, thinking they saw a ghost.
Although they had received reports from a number of witnesses that they had seen the risen Lord they thought He was a ghost and were terrified. It would be right to suppose that the two from Emmaus, Peter and those women who had already seen and spoken to the Lord were not afraid.
24:38 Then he said to them, "Why are you frightened, and why do doubts arise in your hearts?
Jesus asks them why they are so disturbed and are full of doubt and fear in their hearts.
24:39 Look at my hands and my feet; it's me! Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones like you see I have."
He invites them or challenges them to look at the nail scars in His hands and feet and to come and touch Him they will see then that He is not a spirit, or ghost, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones.
24:40 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet.
As He said this He showed them His hands and feet.
24:41 And while they still could not believe it (because of their joy) and were amazed, he said to them, "Do you have anything here to eat?"
They still stood there in disbelief although filled joy and wonder. Jesus asks them if they had anything to eat.
24:42 - 43 So they gave him a piece of broiled fish, and he took it and ate it in front of them.
They gave Him a roasted fish and honeycomb and He ate before them to show that proof that He was really risen from the dead and not a spirit.
Jesus Opens His Disciples Understanding
24:44 Then he said to them, "These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the law of Moses and the prophets and the psalms must be fulfilled."
He reminded them that these were the things that He had told them about before His death on the cross. That all these things had to be fulfilled that were written about Him in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.
24:45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the scriptures,
Then He thoroughly opened their minds and gave them an understanding of the Scriptures so that they recognized their meaning.
24:46 and said to them, "Thus it stands written that the Christ would suffer and would rise from the dead on the third day,
He told them that it was written concerning the Messiah, the Christ, that it was essential for Him to suffer and then to rise from the dead on the third day (Isaiah 53: 3, Psalm 16:10).
24:47 - 48 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things.
That it was also written that the Gospel message of repentance and forgiveness of sins through His atoning death and resurrection would be preached to all people through the world, starting at Jerusalem (Psalm 67:2, Isaiah 11:10). That His disciples are witnesses of all these truths.
24:49 And look, I am sending you what my Father promised. But stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high."
He tells them to stay in Jerusalem until He sends the Holy Spirit just as His Father had promised (Joel 2: 28). The Holy Spirit would empower them to be witnesses to Him (Acts 1:8).
Luk 24:50 Then Jesus led them out as far as Bethany, and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
V50. And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them.
Jesus then took His disciples as far as Bethany, not into the village but just outside, where He lifted up His hands and blessed them.
24:51 Now during the blessing he departed and was taken up into heaven.
While He was blessing them He was separated from them and taken up into heaven (Acts 1:9).
24:52 So they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy,
As He ascended up into heaven to return to His Father the disciples worshiped Him and then returned to Jerusalem.
24:53 and were continually in the temple courts blessing God.
In obedience to the Lord Jesus Christ they remained in Jerusalem continually in the temple praising and blessing God.
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