Healing on the Sabbath
14:1 Now one Sabbath when Jesus went to dine at the house of a leader of the Pharisees, they were watching him closely.
At the invitation of one of the rulers the Pharisees Jesus went to his house to dine. The other guests that were there kept a close watch on Him to see what He would do and what He would say.
14:2 There right in front of him was a man suffering from dropsy.
There was among the company a man who had dropsy. Dropsy is water in the body cells, tissues or cavities that causes swelling and can be caused by heart or kidney disease.
14:3 So Jesus asked the experts in religious law and the Pharisees, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?"
Before anyone can say anything, Jesus who knew their hearts and thoughts, asks them if it is lawful to heal someone on the Sabbath day.
14:4 But they remained silent. So Jesus took hold of the man, healed him, and sent him away.
They remained silent so He took the man suffering with dropsy healed him and sent him on his way.
14:5-6 Then he said to them, "Which of you, if you have a son or an ox that has fallen into a well on a Sabbath day, will not immediately pull him out?" But they could not reply to this.
Then turning to them He asked which them does work on the Sabbath day? If they had a donkey or ox that fell into a pit on the Sabbath day would they not straight away go and pull them? They had no answer.
The Humble shall be Exalted
14:7 Then when Jesus noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he told them a parable. He said to them.
Observing where the guests who had been invited to dine had chosen the best places to sit at the table He told them a parable.
14:8-9 "When you are invited by someone to a wedding feast, do not take the place of honor, because a person more distinguished than you may have been invited by your host. So the host who invited both of you will come and say to you, 'Give this man your place.' Then, ashamed, you will begin to move to the least important place.
When invited by anyone to a wedding feast do not sit down in the best place for if someone who is considered to be more important than you comes in and you are asked by the host to go and sit somewhere else so that this man can sit in the most honoured place. You will then be embarrassed.
14:10 But when you are invited, go and take the least important place, so that when your host approaches he will say to you, 'Friend, move up here to a better place.' Then you will be honored in the presence of all who share the meal with you.
Instead, when you are invited go and sit at the lower end of the table so that when the host comes and asks you come and sit higher up the table you will be honoured in front of all the other guests.
14:11 For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted."
Those who hold themselves as being above anyone else will be humbled, and those who humble themselves, has a modest opinion of themselves and behaves accordingly will be exalted (Rom. 12:3, Psalm 138:6 and Prov. 15:33).
14:12-13 He said also to the man who had invited him, "When you host a dinner or a banquet, don't invite your friends or your brothers or your relatives or rich neighbors so you can be invited by them in return and get repaid. But when you host an elaborate meal, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, and the blind.
Jesus then gives the man who had invited Him some sound heavenly advice. When he invites anyone to dine with him do not ask those he would normally invite or be expected to invite, friends, brothers, relatives, or rich neighbours. In fact anyone whom he knows will invite him to their place for that will be his only reward. Instead invite those who are poor, disabled, the lame and blind, those who are in need.
14:14 Then you will be blessed, because they cannot repay you, for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous."
These people will not be able to repay but at the resurrection of the righteous you will receive your reward.
14:15 When one of those at the meal with Jesus heard this, he said to him, "Blessed is everyone who will feast in the kingdom of God!"
On hearing this one of those who sat the table said to Jesus that those who will sit at the banqueting table in the Kingdom of God will be blessed indeed.
14:16 But Jesus said to him, "A man once gave a great banquet and invited many guests.
Jesus answered him by telling a parable of a man who gave a great supper and invited many.
14:17 At the time for the banquet he sent his slave to tell those who had been invited, 'Come, because everything is now ready.'
When all had been prepared he sent out his messenger to tell those who were invited to come for he was ready to receive them. John the Baptist was the herald of God who went forth inviting the people to repent preparing the way for the Lord Jesus Christ (Luke 3:4-6)
14:18-19 But one after another they all began to make excuses. The first said to him, 'I have bought a field, and I must go out and see it. Please excuse me.' Another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going out to examine them. Please excuse me.'
Without exception everyone began to make excuses why they could not come. The first two examples are men who thought more of their pockets than their souls.
14:20 Another said, 'I just got married, and I cannot come.'
This man thought more of his wife that he did of keeping an engagement with God. He could have brought his wife with him if he really wanted to go.
14:21 So the slave came back and reported this to his master. Then the master of the household was furious and said to his slave, 'Go out quickly to the streets and alleys of the city, and bring in the poor, the crippled, the blind, and the lame.'
The messenger returned to his master and told him the response that he had from those invited. The master of the house was very angry so he told his messenger to go out again into the streets and lanes and cities and invite the poor, disabled, lame and blind to come to his banqueting table. John the Baptist gave the invitation to the Jews, Jesus Christ came to them inviting them to believe and receive Him as their Messiah, Saviour but they rejected His invitation (John 1:11). So the Gospel Message, the invitation to enter in to the Kingdom of God went out to every nation (John 1:12 and Matt. 12:18-21).
14:22 Then the slave said, 'Sir, what you instructed has been done, and there is still room.'
The poor in spirit and needy came and yet their was still plenty of room.
14:23 So the master said to his slave, 'Go out to the highways and country roads and urge people to come in, so that my house will be filled
The master sent out the messenger again telling him to go abroad into the country lanes and fields and urge everyone to come to his house that it may be full and they might be fed.
14:24 For I tell you, not one of those individuals who were invited will taste my banquet!'
So shall it be with those Jews who rejected Jesus Christ in His day and all those people who have and will reject His invited to come to Him.
Counting the Cost
14:25-26 Now large crowds were accompanying Jesus, and turning to them he said, "If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother, and wife and children, and brothers and sisters, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.
By this time there was a large crowd following Jesus so He challenges them as to their commitment to Him. Our love for Jesus Christ must be greater than our love for mother, father brother or sister and even for ourselves. Jesus Christ must have first place in our hearts and lives. If He does not hold this place then we cannot be His disciples.
14:27 Whoever does not carry his own cross and follow me cannot be my disciple.
Whoever is not prepared to bear the cross of reproach, suffering, persecution and rejection for Jesus Christ sake then they cannot be His disciple.
14:28 For which of you, wanting to build a tower, doesn't sit down first and compute the cost to see if he has enough money to complete it?
If anyone intends to build a house or to do anything else that will cost a lot they will first sit down and work out how much it will be before they commence the work.
14:29-30 Otherwise, when he has laid a foundation and is not able to finish the tower, all who see it will begin to make fun of him. They will say, 'This man began to build and was not able to finish!'
Otherwise if the work is started and the foundation laid and then it is found that there is not enough money to continue with it everyone will laugh and say "he started out well but he is not able to go on to the finish".
14:31 Or what king, going out to confront another king in battle, will not sit down first and determine whether he is able with ten thousand to oppose the one coming against him with twenty thousand?
Neither does a king make war against another king without first sitting down and considering whether the strength and number in his army is greater than that of his enemy.
14:32 If he cannot succeed, he will send a representative while the other is still a long way off and ask for terms of peace.
If he is weaker than his enemy then he will send out a negotiator to meet with his foe to make conditions of peace.
14:33 In the same way therefore not one of you can be my disciple if he does not renounce all his own possessions
So it should be with whoever makes a decision to follow the Lord Jesus Christ he/she must first ask himself/herself if they are prepared to forsake all. If they say yes I will then shall he/she be a disciple of Jesus Christ.
14:34-35 Salt is good, but if salt loses its flavor, how can its flavor be restored? It is of no value for the soil or for the manure pile; it is to be thrown out. The one who has ears to hear had better listen!"
It is not fit to use on the land nor in the compost heap, it is just thrown out as worthless dust. So any follower of Jesus Christ who loses his fervency and commitment to Him is not "worth his/her salt" Having heard what has been said consider and understand what is meant and do accordingly.
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