Lukan Studies The Gospel of Luke Chapter 10 - New Testament Bible study

Seventy Disciples Sent Out


10:1 After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him two by two into every town and place where he himself was about to go.


The Lord now chooses seventy of His disciples and sends them in pairs to go into every city and place where He planned to visit.


10:2 He said to them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Therefore ask the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest.


In comparison to the number of people that He was sending them to reach with the Goods News they were merely an handful. Jesus says to them that there is a great harvest of people ready to be gathered into the Kingdom but there are few labourers.  However, He further tells them to pray to Him who is Lord of the Harvest to send out more labourers into the fields to gather them in.


10:3 Go! I am sending you out like lambs surrounded by wolves.


Bidding them to go their way He warns them that He is sending them out as lambs among wolves.


10:4 Do not carry a money bag, a traveler's bag, or sandals, and greet no one on the road.


As Jesus did with the twelve that He had previous sent He tells these disciples not to take any money with them or food bag, no spare sandals.   They were not to be delayed in their mission by stopping to spend the time of day with anyone.


10:5 Whenever you enter a house, first say, 'May peace be on this house!'


Whenever they entered any ones house the first thing they were to say to them was "Peace to this house".


10:6 And if a peace-loving person is there, your peace will remain on him, but if not, it will return to you.


If a person of peace lives in that house the blessing of peace that they had pronounced upon it will remain.   If they are hostile then their blessing will be thrown back in their face.


10:7-8 Stay in that same house, eating and drinking what they give you, for the worker deserves his pay. Do not move around from house to house. Whenever you enter a town and the people welcome you, eat what is set before you.


They were to remain in an house of peace and to eat and drink whatever was given to them and accept the hospitality shown because those who work are worthy of his wages.  Again whatever city they enter and are received they were to accept anything that was set before.


10:9 Heal the sick in that town and say to them, 'The kingdom of God has come upon you!'


Wherever they go and are excepted they are to heal the sick and to proclaim that the Kingdom of God, the Day of Salvation has at hand.


10:10-11 But whenever you enter a town and the people do not welcome you, go into its streets and say, 'Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this: The kingdom of God has come.'


However, whatever city they enter and the people reject them they are to go into the streets and as good as say "as you have rejected our witness so as we shake the dust from our sandals so we wipe our hands of you.


10:12-13 I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town!  "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.


Jesus warns that the towns that reject Him will come off worse that the evil city of Sodom in  the Day of Judgment. He names particularly Chorozin and Bethsaida which had already received the witness and confirmation of who He was by the many miracles He had done in them. If these same works had been done in the Gentile cities of Tyre and Sidon they would have soon repented and shown it by wearing sackcloth and sprinkling ashes over their heads.


10:14 But it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you!


On the Judgment Day it will be more endurable for Tyre and Sidon than the places who were given the witness and rejected it.


10:15 And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will be thrown down to Hades!


Capernaum was very privileged as the Lord Jesus Christ stayed there often and preach and did many miracles. But since they had rejected the Christ they would go to hell.


10:16 "The one who listens to you listens to me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects the one who sent me."


Turning to His disciples He told them that whoever accepts the message that they proclaim also accepts Him. But if anyone rejects them then they reject Him and also God who sent Him.


A Good Report


10:17 Then the seventy-two returned with joy, saying, "Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name!"


The seventy disciples returned to Jesus full of joy declaring that even demons obeyed them as they cast them out in His Name.


10:18 So he said to them, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.


This was no news to the Lord Jesus Christ for He knew it would be so for He saw Satan and his angels cast out of heaven for He is the Eternal Son of God.


10:19 Look, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions and on the full force of the enemy, and nothing will hurt you.


It is Jesus who gave them the power and authority over the enemy and protection from any harm coming to them.


10:20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names stand written in heaven."


However, he says do not rejoice that because demons are subject to you but rather rejoice over the more important thing that your names are written in heaven, in the Lambs Book of Life (Heb. 12:23).


10:21 On that same occasion Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your gracious will.


The learned men of earth had not been able to discover the truths of God's kingdom for themselves, but God had revealed them to those who were childlike, unskilled, untaught.   For thus it pleased God to do so (1 Cor. 1:27).


10:22 All things have been given to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son decides to reveal him."


Everything that belongs to God has been entrusted to the Lord Jesus Christ (Matt. 28:18). No one truly knows Him but the Father and no one knows the Father except His Son.


10:23 Then Jesus turned to his disciples and said privately, "Blessed are the eyes that see what you see!


He turned to His disciples and privately told them that those who see the things that have seen are bleesed.


10:24 For I tell you that many prophets and kings longed to see what you see but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it.


The many prophets and kings of the Old Testament longed to see and hear what the disciples were receiving and although God spoke to them and through them they had not fully understood or seen them fulfilled as the disciples of Jesus were now (Heb. 11:13 and Heb. 11:39).


Who our Neighbours Are


10:25 Now an expert in religious law stood up to test Jesus, saying, "Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?"


An expert in the religious law came and asked Jesus what he had to do to inherit eternal life. Not because he wanted to know but was trying to catch Him out.


10:26 He said to him, "What is written in the law? How do you understand it?"


Jesus not only asks the man what is written in the scriptures but also how he interpreted it.


10:27 The expert answered, "Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and love your neighbor as yourself."


The Scribe, or lawyer, quoted the text from Leviticus 19:18 and Deuteronomy 6:5 "You must love the LORD your God with all your heart, all your soul, all your strength, and all your mind.' And, 'Love your neighbor as yourself."  


10:28-29 Jesus said to him, "You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live." But the expert, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"


Jesus told him that he had quoted correctly what the scripture said now in order to receive eternal life  he was to live out the word of God.   However, the man wanting to put himself right before the people asked Jesus who was his neighbour.   The man knew perfectly well that the scriptures did not just mean the person living next door to you.


10:30 Jesus replied, "A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat him up, and went off, leaving him half dead.


Jesus then told the parable of the Good Samaritan. A man while making a journey to Jericho from Jerusalem was attacked by thieves who robbed him of all that he had even his clothes and left him for dead on the road.


10:31 Now by chance a priest was going down that road, but when he saw the injured man he passed by on the other side.


As it happened a priest came down the same road and seeing the man lying there and assuming that he was dead crossed over to the other side and passed by (Numbers 19:16).


10:32 So too a Levite, when he came up to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.


Also a Levite came that way and just took a look at the man and without any intention of giving help he too passed by on the other side.


10:33 But a Samaritan who was traveling came to where the injured man was, and when he saw him, he felt compassion for him.


A Samaritan also journeyed down the same road and when he saw the man his heart went out him.


10:34 He went up to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring oil and wine on them. Then he put him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.


He cleaned the man's wounds with wine and poured oil upon them and then bound them with bandages. He then placed the man upon his own donkey and took him to an inn where he could tend to the man more fully.


10:35 The next day he took out two silver coins and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, 'Take care of him, and whatever else you spend, I will repay you when I come back this way.'


The following day he gave the innkeeper two denarii, silver coins to pay for housing and caring for the man with the promise that he would pay innkeeper whatever else it may cost him when he returned.


10:36 Which of these three do you think became a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of the robbers?"


Jesus then asked the Scribe who out of the three men he thought was the good neighbour.


10:37 The expert in religious law said, "The one who showed mercy to him." So Jesus said to him, "Go and do the same."


The Scribe could do no other than reply that it was the Samaritan who showed mercy and had compassion upon the wounded man. Jesus told him to go and do the same.


The Better Part


10:38 Now as they went on their way, Jesus entered a certain village where a woman named Martha welcomed him as a guest.


As Jesus and His disciples continued on their way to Jerusalem they entered the village of Bethany where a woman named Martha lived and she welcomed Him into her home.


10:39 She had a sister named Mary, who sat at the Lord's feet and listened to what he said.


She had a sister named Mary who sat at the feet of Jesus listening to what He taught.


10:40 But Martha was distracted with all the preparations she had to make, so she came up to him and said, "Lord, don't you care that my sister has left me to do all the work alone? Tell her to help me."


Martha was very busy preparing to serve a meal  and had got all hot and bothered about it and so she came to Jesus and asked Him if He had no thought for her doing all this work while her sister had left her to do it all alone.   She asks him to tell Mary to come and help her.


10:41-42 But the Lord answered her, "Martha, Martha, you are worried and troubled about many things, but one thing is needed. Mary has chosen the best part; it will not be taken away from her."


Jesus tells Martha that she worries and gets anxious about many things which distracts her mind from the spiritual things (Philip. 4:6). Mary had chosen to listen and receive the Word of God, the spiritual things, which is far better, which will never be taken from her.   It is to be noted that the things that Martha were seeing to needed to be done otherwise no one would ever had got anything to eat and their needs would not be met. The point is that she had put them before the more important thing of listening to the Words of Jesus Christ which would have edified and giving her strength and the calmness of spirit to do the things that were needful for everyday living.      


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